The town of Sheno was selected for its proximity to Addis Ababa. It is clean, quiet, and peaceful and has a well preserved and attractive natural landscape. More than ¾ of the site is vacant but consists of about 500 residential buildings which are very old and deteriorated. These households will be relocated in two phases to a nearby site and better housing units. After the construction of the hospital, a women's rehabilitation center and an orphanage will be built. Both the construction and management of these will be financed by income generated from the hospital. The hospital goal will be to provide services to the town, its surrounding areas, the country and people from other countries. The life of the population of the Life's Second Chance Hospitaltown will be changed due to job opportunities to be created during the construction work and also functioning of the hospital.
This department consists of 4 sections: Medical, Pediatric, Gynecology, and Surgical. Patients registered at the hospital will be diagnosed for corresponding treatments at these 4 main sections. These will be located on the ground floor of the main hospital building. The outpatient department consists of the Laboratories, Pharmacy, and a Radiology center with general and special X-ray services.
This department consists of wards for patients that stay and get treatment. The Ward at the main hospital building can accommodate up to 270 beds. In addition to this, as indicated below, the hospital consists of long-stay wards, which can accommodate up to 70 beds. The hospital will have a total of 340 beds. The wards will be located from the second to the fourth floor. The second floor consists of the Medical and Pediatric patient's wards. The third floor will consist of wards for Maternity and Gynecology. The maternity section will have special delivery rooms. The fourth floor will consist of two wings of surgical wards one for each gender and four operation theatres. The theatres will be equipped with modern and up-to-date equipment. There are four theatres because many cancers, if detected early, could be treated with surgery. However, post-surgical patients need to be treated with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. An Infusion center for Blood bone marrow, Immuno-therapy and Bone marrow transplant will also be available.
The department of Pathology will be located on the first floor. It will be located here for easy-access and privacy. It is accessible both to the outpatient department and the wards. It will be highly sophisticated with specialized departments. About 40% of the space on the first floor will be left for this department. There will be a large and modern pathology laboratory. All kinds of diagnosis for cancer that need further investigation will be undertaken here. The department will be able to provide diagnostic services for other hospitals and health facilities throughout the country. The department will be equipped with modern medical instruments like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT scans, fib optic endoscopes, and biopsies. Experience and sources from the famous Encarta reference library shows that biopsy remains the only definitive method for the diagnosis of a cancer. In a biopsy, a section of tissue is removed from the tumor itself or from a metastasis. Modern technology has greatly reduced the need for open surgical biopsy. Guided by palpation or a computerized axial tomography (CAT or CT) scan, a tumor in almost any part of the body can be biopsied through a thin, flexible needle. This permits diagnosis before surgery so that the doctor and patient can plan for treatment and surgery, if it is necessary (Encarta, 2003).
The hematology department will be concerned with the study of blood and blood-forming tissues. Common and special blood tests will be undertaken in this department. It is intended to diagnose blood cancer and disorders such as leukemia, anemia, and hemophilia, as well as diseases of the organs that produce blood, including the lymph nodes, bone marrow, and spleen. In Ethiopia, this type of service is technically outdated. Similarly, this center could be used as referral for other hospitals and health services in Ethiopia. This department will closely work with the pathology and therapy center.
Therapy Center & Long-Stay Wards
Cancer patients usually need to undergo series of treatments after surgery. A combination of treatments may also be required. Even after remission, the patients need routine follow-up visits. For these reasons, the therapy center and long-stay patients will be located together in a separate complex. The therapy center consists of rooms and services for: Radiotherapy (2 cobalt rooms), physical therapy, water therapy, immunology, chemotherapy, gymnasium, examination and consultation. Depending on needs, the hospital could have a gene therapy center and also other new modern treatments. In addition, offices for doctors, nurses and technical staff are provided. Wards for therapeutic patients, kitchen, laundry, stores, utility rooms, work rooms and offices for related staff are also included. For patients that need to have more seclusion, comfortable villas are provided near the therapy center and long-stay ward.
ADDITIONAL HOSPITAL COMPONENTS
Administration & Support Services
This department will be located on the first floor of the hospital. It will consist of administration, general service and personnel departments as well as the medical departments.
Housing for Residential Nurses & Doctors
The resident nurses are expected to live within the compound of the hospital. Residential units of two typologies were proposed for married households. A courtyard type of housing units with common living, dinning, study rooms and kitchen are prepared for unmarried nurses.
Housing for Guests, Volunteer Doctors, Nurses and Trainers
This housing will consists of two typologies with its own parking overlooking to the rural landscape downhill. Parking could be on an individual basis or a group. One of the typologies with split level will be constructed on the steep part of the site.
Housing for Additional Hospital Staff
Similar to resident nurses and doctors, this housing will consist of two typologies one for married staff and a group residence for unmarried staff.
It is planned that the hospital compound will consist of well-designed gardens with local trees and flowers, walkways and benches. Patients, nurses, doctors, staff and visitors will have access to these gardens. A Golf and Sport center will also be established within the hospital as additional sources of finance. All of these are intended to create a conducive and comfortable environment for all users.
HELPING TO BUILD A HEALTHY TOMORROW
The Life's Second Chance Foundation's objective is to build a new Medical Complex, Training and Research Center in Sheno Town, Ethiopia, Africa. Our vision is to create a state-of-the-art hospital providing medical care for all those suffering from non-communicable diseases.